CLAT 2020 Analysis

This is an analysis of the GK Section of CLAT 2020. The GK section included 7 passages and 36 questions. The section can be termed as moderate but for one who would have prepared for it from the very beginning and had been consistent, it would have been a cakewalk for him/her. A detailed analysis has been given below. Each passage has been analysed separately. Each analysis begins with how much marks would be considered as good in the said passage followed by a brief understanding of the theme of the passage. Then I have talked about what kind of questions were asked and on what factors they were based. After that, I conclude with how one can prepare if such kind of questions is asked in the future. For more details on how to prepare for the 2021 examinations, it is advisable to watch the ‘Strategy for Target 2021’ video on my YouTube channel. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GvFTKEAjk58&t=4s Passage – 1 (Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan) Correct Answers considered as good: 4/5 The passage is based on the Atmanirbhar scheme or the self-reliant India scheme and has been connected with the National Infrastructure Pipeline which has been planned on the lines of the aforesaid scheme. In a very brief manner, the passage has been linked with two other topics, FDI i.e. Foreign Direct Investment (it is an economic term which is covered under the general study of economics as part of the static GK) and Vocal for Local initiative, which is one of the constituents of the major scheme. The questions from the passage are based on the following factors: 1. How much money has been allotted by the government to the scheme or the constituent schemes? 2. What is the purpose of the scheme and the constituent schemes? 3. What is the spending ratio of the centre, states, and the private sector? In this passage, only one question of static GK from the economics section was asked. Conclusion: The passage was not that long and was drafted in easy English. Although it may not be a long passage, it covered a wide array of topics. But seeing the current health and economic situation, it is assumed that the candidates were well aware of such initiatives of the government. Hence, it would be wise to say that this particular passage did not require much research and hard work. The questions asked were also quite easy because they were very basic. So, while reading about a centrally funded scheme or schemes launched by either central or state governments that are of unique importance, one must keep in mind to cover the following facets: 1. Who inaugurated the scheme? 2. Which ministry or department was behind the development of the scheme? 3. What is the purpose of the scheme? 4. How much money has been allocated to the scheme? 5. What is the target year of the scheme (if any)? 6. The ratio of the spending by the state and the centre or any other department (if any)? Passage – 2 (Foreign Exchange Management Strategy) Correct Answers considered as good: 3/5 This passage is purely based on the economic strategies of the government, especially during this corona pandemic which has fractured the global economy. For many of the students, especially the ones who haven’t studied economics in their senior secondary school, this passage might seem to be very overwhelming at the first glance but the questions asked are quite easy and direct. Even if you have a fair idea of economics, you will be able to crack this passage. The questions from the passage were based on the following factors: 1. Basic knowledge of economics like economic terms and certain strategies of the government 2. Direct data-based question from the passage 3. Kind of logistics used by the central bank to execute its strategies like digital platforms and mobile applications In this passage, only one question of static GK from the economics section was asked. Conclusion: CLAT, in the past too, has focused on the economics section in both current and static GK. Hence, after seeing this passage, it would be strongly advisable to learn basic economic terms and strategies, and the best source would be the NCERT textbook of the 11th and 12th standards (Economics) as well as the Concise GK Manual by Pearson. You may also refer to Investopedia website (https://www.investopedia.com/) or you can search the topic on YouTube. Along with that, the candidates must focus on all kinds of digital platforms and mobile applications that are launched by the central government or state government (unique feature only). In these cases, the following factors must be kept in mind: 1. Who inaugurated the application/software/digital platform? 2. Which ministry or department or institution developed the application/software/digital platform? 3. What is the purpose/use of the application/software/digital platform? 4. Name of the application/software/digital platform? (Full forms too) 5. Any special technology that has been incorporated in the application/software/digital platform. 6. Any specific term that seems to be new or unknown to you. Passage – 3 (Rafael Deal) Correct Answers considered as good: 5/5 The passage is based on the most talked and controversial inter-governmental deal between India and France. The Rafael deal came into the spotlight 4 years back when allegations of corruption and favouritism were made by the opposition on the then Indian government. The controversy was dragged to the Apex court as well where the decision came in the favour of the government. A basic reading of newspapers and articles would suffice to crack the questions in this passage. The questions are based on the following factors: 1. What field is the deal specific to? 2. Various institutions and companies involved in the deal 3. Importance and significance of the deal 4. Basic knowledge about the defence system in India with respect to what kind of special weapons or arms have been recently developed Conclusion: The passage is quite small and easy to read. The questions seem to be very direct and of easy standard. Anyone aware of the controversy even a bit would have been able to answer all the questions in this passage. There are no specific guidelines on how to read about controversies like this but the best advice would be to follow the event in a sequential manner, right from the beginning, and make sure you draft it out on a piece of paper in a very simple and crisp manner. The best source to catch up with a topic in a sequential manner is www.bbc.com Passage – 4 (Kalapani Dispute between India & Nepal) Correct Answers considered as good: 5/5 The passage is based on the dispute between India and Nepal, also including China. Seeing the significance and the amount of spotlight that was given to this dispute, it was very well expected in the examination. The questions were quite easy and were based on the following factors: 1. Parties involved in the dispute 2. The subject matter of the dispute 3. Previous treaties and disputes related to the current dispute 4. Geographical details related to the dispute Out of five, two questions were from static GK; 1 from history, and 1 from geography. Conclusion: Again, the length of the passage was not an issue and neither was the difficulty of the questions asked. The questions were very easy and anyone who was following the event even from headlines of newspapers, mobile applications of news agencies, or social networking websites like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram, would have been able to answer at least 4 of the questions correctly. There are no specific guidelines on how to read about disputes between nations but the best advice would be to follow the event in a sequential manner, right from the beginning, and make sure you draft it out on a piece of paper in a very simple and crisp manner. The best source, as stated above, for such a requirement would be www.bbc.com . Along with that, the following elements must be noted: 1. Countries involved in the dispute 2. Important ministers of the respective countries involved in the tussle 3. The subject matter of the dispute 4. Any other related matter(s) that led to the dispute or was/were the outcome of the said dispute 5. Any historical event related to the dispute 6. Any geographical detail related to the dispute Passage – 5 (National Education Policy 2020) Correct Answers considered as good: 5/5 The passage is solely focused on one of the most needed and major changes in the education sector of India. The National Education Policy is a very unique policy when compared to previous such policies and hence, it became a point of discussion in every Indian household. The topic was quite expected in the examination and it should not have come as a surprise to the candidates. The questions were purely current affairs based majorly focusing on the institutions to be established under, sub-schemes to be launched under and other targets to be achieved through the National Education Policy 2020. Conclusion: The student must have read about the policy in detail through trusted sources to score full marks in the said passage, and the best source is the website of the respective department of the government of India. There is no specific guideline on how to read such policies. The passage was very easy to understand and the questions were pretty direct and fact-based. In this passage, it could be said that either you knew the answer or you didn’t; it was close to impossible for any candidate to speculate answers if they weren’t aware of the policy in detail. Passage – 6 (SAARC Meeting & India-Pakistan tensions on Pakistan Map) Correct Answers considered as good: 4/5 In the given passage, three happenings have been mentioned, firstly, the SAARC Meeting of the foreign ministers, secondly, the SCO Virtual Meet, and thirdly, the incident when the NSA of India stormed out of the SCO Meeting when Pakistan claimed an Indian territory by showing it on its map. The questions were based on the following factors: 1. SAARC and the information related to it including the number of members, chair country, member countries, etc. 2. Previous controversial incidents between SAARC members which included India 3. The subject matter of the dispute between India and Pakistan in the SCO Meeting Two questions were based on static GK. Conclusion: The said passage is not that long and time taking and has been drafted in a moderate level of language. The questions asked were of moderate level as they were both fact-based as well as static GK based. The static GK questions could be answered only if one had read about the SAARC as an international organization (international organization and international summits/meetings are very important for such examinations). While reading about international organizations and their summits, the following factors must be noted: 1. Name of the International Organization 2. The number of members, member countries, headquarters, year of establishment, associated financial institution (if any), etc. 3. Purpose and aim of the organization 4. Summits held by the organization – edition, venue, host, theme, etc. 5. Any incident associated with the international organization or its member nations that happened in the past or present. Passage – 7 (UAE-Israel Peace Agreement) Correct Answers considered as good: 4/6 The passage is based on the one of most flammable topics of the decade i.e. the violence in Israel and Palestine due to annexation by UAE. The USA has played the role of mediator in this peace agreement. The questions were solely based on the features of the agreement and the past relations amongst the involved countries. Out of six, two questions were static based. Conclusion: The passage was short and easy to understand though the topic is very vast and complex. The questions were of moderate level as to answer them one has to have an idea of the international relations in the Middle East and also the recent happenings in the countries involved. Hence, it can be construed that this passage could not have been cracked so easily. To excel in topics like this, one needs to learn about history, previous wars, international relations, international politics and relate all of them with the current prevailing situations and happenings in the concerned region.

CLAT 2020 Analysis